Jan Nepomucen Głowacki
The Morskie Oko Tarn in the Tatra Mountains, 1837
Purchased in 1890

material: oil on canvas

dimensions: 57 x 48 cm

description: Jan Nepomucen Głowacki is regarded as the first Polish painter who almost entirely devoted his art to landscape painting. His views of the mountains reflected the characteristic Romantic desire to travel around the country to record the beauty of the native landscape. They were painted in the atelier, but based on studies from nature. One of the most beautiful landscapes by Głowacki, eulogized by Cyprian Kamil Norwid, depicts a tarn in the Tatra Mountains, called Morskie Oko. The composition is dominated by the dark surface of the tarn surrounded by mountains with steep, partially snow-covered slopes, illuminated by sunrays. The power of nature is highlighted by the atmosphere of silence and tranquillity. The meticulous depiction of details is accompanied by attention to realism: there is a raft floating on the water and the roof of a mountain shelter in the foreground. The actual landscape motif is slightly stylized. The way of composing the scene, resulting in the narrowing of the space, is not completely realistic. An element which is not in conformity with reality is also a cross depicted in the foreground, symbolizing the presence of God in nature and sacralizing the Tatras as a free area, the place which has not been spoilt by the presence of the partitioning powers. The oeuvre of Głowacki initiated the development of landscape painting in the Krakow circle. Aleksandra Krypczyk

exposition: The Gallery of 19th Century Polish Art in Sukiennice,
The Cloth Hall, 1, Main Market Square

key: Romanticism. Towards national art >>>

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